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rome 2016

these pictures are from a study-abroad trip in rome.

i've tried to keep them in rough chronological order.

the flight to heathrow. i was bumped to business class with a few others on the trip, which was a nice surprise.

disembarking at fiumicino.

we arrived in rome at around 2:00 local time and, after lunch, walked to the spanish steps. they were under partial renovation, so we couldn't walk down them entirely.

above is the partial view of the city from the top of the steps, and to the right is the obelisk and church-steps at the very top.

there was a very nice piazza and fountain below, but i didn't get a good picture of it.

my first coffee in italy, and some wine for sale on our apartment's street. the prices were reasonable, to say the least.

the altare della patria ("altar of the fatherland"), also known as the "wedding cake".

constructed in honor of king vittorio (victor) emmanuel ii, it overlooks the ancient roman forum. its construction required the leveling of part of the capitoline hill, and its shining marble has made it a source of controversy (when contrasted with the surrounding neighborhood and de-marbled ancient buildings).

climbing up the steps of the capitoline.

the temple of antonitus and faustina, dedicated to emperor antonitus pius and his wife after their deaths (first to her, then to him). the upper parts of the temple are now a church.

a statue of flavia publicia, one of the chief vestal virgins during the mid empire (242).

there are several statues of vestal virgins in the area surrounding the temple of vesta, but flavia's is one of the better preserved ones.

below, a view from the garden alongside the temple of vesta.

the basilica of emperor maxentius, completed by constantine in 312.

the largest building in the forum by a significant margin, its design is similar to that of the baths of diocletian.

the arch of septius severus, dedicated following victorious campaigns against the parthian empire.

ruins of various imperial domum, including the complexes built under flavian and the domus augustana.

some churches. i went to quite a few and forgot to write their names down, so please excuse the lack of labels.

trevi fountain.

more churches!

the inside of the coliseum.

saint peter's square and basilica in the vatican, during mass. the pope is the little white speck surrounded by the black specks on the podium in front of the basilica.

inside the museo vaticani. we saw the sistine chapel, but weren't allowed to take pictures.

the baths of diocletian, of which only the frigidarium remains. it now houses the basilica of st. mary of the angels and the martyrs, complete with an impressive (painted) reconstruction of the original pink granite columns.

the boxer at rest and a discobolus, in the national museum at the palazzo massimo.

a beautiful roman sarcophagus, depicting the victory of an unspecified roman soldier over barbarians.

the ruins of ostia, a roman port city once along the bank of the tiber. its economic relevance faded throughout the empire, leaving it abandoned rather than constructed over like other roman cities.

on the right, the curia in ostia's forum.

ostia's population is estimated at about 50,000 during its peak, and as such had a fairly large forum complete with local government buildings, temples, and guilds.

public toilets just off the forum in ostia.

hanging out of an old apartment's window.

because the city was never built over, a great many buildings are still preserved up to their second and third stories.

the basements of many buildings are also preserved, including a hidden mithraeum and the tunnels beneath the baths (used by slaves to stoke the fires).

the theatre at ostia.

group photos at ostia!

the baths of caracalla, unfortunately in worse shape than those of diocletian.

trajan's column and base.

in the background to the left, tucked into the steps, is a great gelateria.

a large head of constantine, separated from a body thought to have been made of wood.

it's possible that this particular statue was originally of maxentius (and displayed in his basilica), and then adapted to constantine following his ascension to power and completion of the basilica in 312.

the "original" lupa capitolina, in the capitoline museum.

the original equestrian marcus aurelius. the one in the piazza del campidoglio is a replica, but this one is in surprisingly good condition for a nearly 2000 year old bronze statue.

the view of the forum from the capitoline museum.

personal favorites: the wounded gaul and a bust of scipio africanus.

the pantheon.

the interior ceiling pattern gives the an illusion of (even greater) height, and the dome's opening illuminates the entire building.

virtually all of the roman iconography has been replaced with christian iconography, unfortunately.

two bernini works in the villa borghese.

apollo and daphne is one of my favorite statues, so seeing it in person was amazing. the absence of visible struts and the seamless blending of textures between daphne and the laurel makes it truly breathtaking.

my phone neglected to save the several caravaggio photos i took, unfortunately.